What is a CURP Card?
CURP is the abbreviation for Clave Única de Registro de Población (translated into English as Unique Inhabitants Registry Code or else as Personal ID Code Number). It is a unique id code for each citizens and residents of Mexico.
Every CURP code is a novel alphanumeric 18-character string intended to stop duplicate entries into the system.
The CURP Card is needed to obtain most government companies in Mexico. You can receive one by presenting your authentic and a duplicate of your immigration (Permanent or Temporary) visa, along along with your passport and a replica of the page within your passport showing your photo and date of issuance. You cannot use a Vacationer Visa to use for a CURP Card.
A list of presidency offices the place you'll be able to get hold of a CURP Card could be accessed by clicking here.
At present the CURP is essential for tax filings, to keep records of firms, schools, membership in government-run health companies, passport applications, and different authorities services.
The CURP number is now used in all Civil Registry particular person records (delivery and dying certificates) and certified copies of them.
Initally, the CURP card (cédula) was available at CURP government offices or at the Civil Registry, ISSSTE, IMSS and different authorities services. The document was printed on green paper, however right now are printed on white paper and infrequently laminated. Actually you can print a legitimate copy of present CURP documents at visiting the official website – http://consultas.curp.gob.mx/CurpSP/.
The CURP card is 5.4 cm wide and 8.6 cm lengthy (2.125 in x 3.4 in), fitting in most wallets. The front of the card provides the CURP 18-character string, given names and surnames, plus the date of registration and a folio number. The back comprises information referencing the document used as proof to originally assign the CURP code (if it was a birth certificates, folio number and issuing municipality and a barcode.
The usage of CURP cards start on October 23, 1996, with the Presidential Settlement for the Adoption and Use of the Population Registry Unique Code by the Federal Government (Acuerdo Presidencial para la adopción y uso por la Administración Pública Federal de la Clave Única de Registro de Población) was revealed within the Official Gazette of the Federation.
The Agreement provides assigning a CURP number to everyone dwelling in Mexico and to Mexicans residing abroad.
How CURP Codes are Constructed
To understand how CURP codes are built, one should first understand Hispano-American naming conventions. Full names in Spanish-speaking countries (together with Mexican full names) include three elements:
First surname: the father’s first surname; and
Second surname: the mother’s first surname.
The CURP code consists of 18 characters which can be assigned as follows:
The first surname’s preliminary and first inside vowel;
The second surname’s initial (or the letter "X" if, like some foreign nationals, the person has no second surname);
The primary given name’s initial;
Date of delivery (2 digits for 12 months, 2 digits for month, and 2 digits for day);
A one-letter gender indicator (H for male (hombre in Spanish) or M for feminine (mujer in Spanish));
A -letter code for the state the place the individual was born; for individuals born abroad, the code NE (nacido en el extranjero) is used;
The first surname’s second inside consonant;
The second surname’s second inside consonant;
The primary given name’s second inside consonant; and
Two characters ranging from 1-9 for folks born earlier than 2000 or from A-Z for folks born since 2000; these characters are generated by the National Population Registry to prevent an identical entries.
For married women, only maiden names are used.
For instance, the CURP code for a hypothetical individual named Gloria Hernández García, a female, born on 27 April 1956 in the state of Veracruz, could be HEGG560427MVZRRL05.
Several exceptions to the above rules exist, together with:
"Ñ" – If any step in the above procedure leads to the letter "Ñ" showing anywhere within the CURP, the "Ñ" is replaced by an "X".
Very common given names
When an individual has given names and the primary given name is Maria, as is usually the case for women in Mexico, or José, in the case of men, the first name can be missed and the fourth character can be taken from the second given name’s initial. This is because the names María and José are quite common and would generate many duplicates if used to generate the code. For instance, if the person have been named María Fernanda Escamilla Arroyo, her CURP’s first 4 characters would be ESAF because María doesn't rely for the CURP’s fourth character when a second given name is present.
Catalog of Inappropriate Words
To prevent words from forming that would be deemed palabras altisonantes (foul-sounding words, akin to profanity or pejoratives) within the first 4 characters of the string, a Catalog of Inappropriate Words (Catálogo de Palabras Inconvenientes) lists many such possible mixtures and provides replacements that usually entail changing the second letter, a vowel, into an "X".
Outside Mexico Metropolis, the Clave de Registro e Identidad Personal (Personal Registration and Identification Code) is used, in addition to CURP.
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